Available online, and at
Island Press or Amazon & bookstores
Available online, and at
OSU Press or Amazon & bookstores
The work of conservation is inspired by wonder,
gratitude, reason and love. We need all of these
emotions and faculties to do the work well. But
the first impulse is love--Love for wild and
settled places, for animals and plants, for people living now
and those yet to come, for the creation of human hands
Scott Russell Sanders
An excerpt from "A Conservationist's Manifesto, 2003"
Comment by Jim Lichatowich
Jim Lichatowich, San Francisco Chronicle, March 14, 2014
Will the Lower Columbia River become an Industrialized Sacrifice Zone?
by Jim Lichatowich
by Jim Lichatowich and Bill Bakke
Lake Oroville, California photo of water levels, comparing the years 2011 and 2014.
THE RUSSIAN RIVER: ALL RIVERS --The Value of an American Watershed. See Screening Dates at the website. Help fund this film featuring the ideas of many people such as Jim and other concerned environmentalists. The film has restarted this important conversation. "The film continues to meet enthusiastic audiences here in Northern California without a peep from the industries we discuss. Surprising how, people I might never have expected to agree with what its content, come away quoting it. Most fall completely in sync with its overall message and have, without exception, sat completely transfixed for the entire two hours." Bill Sorensen, producer and film maker.
The Missing Element in Salmon Recovery Programs:
Faith in Nature
Jim Lichatowich, Columbia City, OR
Richard Williams, Eagle, ID
Large declines in the abundance of wild salmon and steelhead and their subsequent listing under the federal Endangered Species Act led to the use of hatcheries to maintain the sport and commercial fisheries. To some of us who have worked on salmon recovery in the Columbia River, the steadfast adherence to the hatchery remedy to the salmon’s problem is hard to understand. The extensive use of hatcheries has occurred in spite of scientific evidence that hatchery operations are detrimental to wild salmon and steelhead and in spite of the failure of hatcheries to mitigate the loss and degradation of habitat. We examine this conundrum through a review of the nexus among the declines on Pacific salmon and steelhead, shifting baselines, and a flawed conceptual foundation. The practice of shifting baselines in the face of major declines in salmon abundance has led to belief that the productivity of natural salmon production systems is not adequate to meet expectations. We characterize this belief as a loss of faith in nature, which inevitably leads managers to the hatchery alternative to natural production.